FRIDAY, July 19, 2019 (HealthDay News) — Pot use and pregnancy hardly go hand-in-hand for well being causes, however extra American girls are utilizing marijuana simply earlier than and proper after they change into pregnant, new analysis warns.
“These findings ought to alert women’s health clinicians to pay attention to potential will increase in day by day and weekly hashish use amongst their sufferers,” stated lead research creator Kelly Young-Wolff. She is a analysis scientist at Kaiser Permanente, in Oakland, Calif.
In the research, the investigators analyzed information on self-reported marijuana use amongst practically 277,000 pregnant girls (about 367,000 whole pregnancies) in Northern California over 9 years, from 2009 to 2017. California legalized leisure marijuana in 2018.
During that point interval, using marijuana within the yr earlier than being pregnant rose from near 7% to 12.5%, and using marijuana in early being pregnant (as much as eight weeks’ gestation) rose from practically 2% to three.4%, the findings confirmed.
Frequency of marijuana use additionally elevated.
Among those that used marijuana within the yr earlier than being pregnant, day by day customers rose from 17% to 25%, weekly customers elevated from 20% to 22%, whereas monthly-or-less customers fell from 63% to 53%, in accordance with the report.
And amongst girls who used marijuana early in being pregnant, day by day customers elevated from 15% to 21%, weekly customers rose from 25% to 27%, whereas month-to-month customers decreased from 60% to 52%.
“The actual numbers are likely higher, as women may be unwilling to disclose their substance use to a medical professional,” stated Young-Wolff.
There is critical proof that marijuana publicity throughout being pregnant is related to having a low-birthweight child, the researchers stated.
And girls who’re pregnant or planning to get pregnant mustn’t use marijuana as a result of it could impair fetal neurodevelopment, in accordance with the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists.
“There is still much that is unknown on the topic, including what type of cannabis products pregnant women are using, and whether the health consequences differ based on mode of cannabis administration and frequency of prenatal cannabis use,” Young-Wolff stated in a Kaiser information launch.
The findings have been printed on-line July 19 in JAMA Network Open.
According to senior research creator Dr. Nancy Goler, “There is an urgent need to better understand the effects of prenatal cannabis exposure as cannabis becomes legalized in more states and more widely accepted and used.” Goler is affiliate govt director of The Permanente Medical Group.
“Until such time as we fully understand the specific health risks cannabis poses for pregnant women and their fetuses, we are recommending stopping all cannabis use prior to conceiving, and certainly once a woman knows she is pregnant,” she added.